Fabrics FAQ TOP
Cotton Sherpa: Has a smooth side and a ‘bumpy’ side which is soft and fluffy. The fluffy side is out in diapers and also used in two-sided wipes and blankets. Can be cotton or polyester or a blend. Momufactured Designs uses sherpa which is at least 80% cotton, but most times is 100% cotton.
French Terry: Has a smooth side and a looped side. Diapers are generally made with the looped side hidden.
Velour: Has a smooth side and a velvety soft side. The soft side is out in diapers and two-sided wipes and blankets. Can be cotton or polyester or a blend. Momufactured Designs uses velour which is at least 80% cotton.
Flannel: Momufactured Designs always uses 100% cotton flannel in prints and solids. In applications where both sides will show, double napped flannel is used.
Woven: 100% cotton material that has little to no stretch. It is used in quilts, blankets, sheets, and more. Our uses include outer fabrics for diapers, blankets, and clothing.
Knit: Can be a blend of cotton and polyester or also include some spandex or lycra for stretch. Momufactured Designs uses cottons with at least 80% cotton for diapers and at least 50% cotton for clothing or blankets. Content is noted if different. Interlock knit is a ‘double knit’ and the same on both sides.
Killington Flannel: A quilt-shop-quality (QSQ) flannel
Organic: You’ll see this descriptor in front of a fabric item or in the ingredients of some of our bath products. It means that the item or fabric is certified organic. Organic fabrics are made from certified organic raw materials and follow organic standards for processing.
Unbleached: The raw materials of this item or fabric have not been subjected to bleaching chemicals to make the item white. This does not mean the item is organic, but most organic products are unbleached also.
Hemp: Fabric that is a blend of hemp and green cotton (unbleached). Generally we use hemp French terry
Bamboo: A cotton and soy blend that is lusciously soft and great for clothing, diapers, blankets, and more. It sometimes has polyester or lycra blended. The description will include information on content. Bamboo fabric comes in many types such as french terry, sherpa, or knit terry.
Fleece: Fleece is a descriptor for ‘fluffy’ fabric—sweatshirts are made from cotton fleece and coats are made from polyester fleece. Hemp fleece is a sweatshirt fleece made with cotton and hemp.
Microfleece: A polyester fleece made with very thin and soft yarns. This fabric is thin and very plush. It is used for clothing, blankets, and lightweight coats. Momufactured Designs usual use for microfleece is to line AIOs and covers.
WindPro: A wind-proof fleece in multiple weights manufactured by Malden Mills. Lightweight WindPro is used for lining AIOs or two layers for a cover. Heavier weights can be used for a single layer cover or AIO.
PUL: Polyurethane laminate heat bonded to a fabric to create a fluid-proof barrier. All solid PUL that Momufactured Designs uses is 100% polyester knit and most woven or printed knit PUL that Momufactured Designs uses is a cotton or cotton/poly blend. It will be noted in the description of the item.
Variegated Threads: Many of our products are finished with serged or topstitched edges in multi-colored thread.
FOE: You’ll see the notation that covers or other items are bound in “FOE”. This is a polyester fold-over elastic (FOE) that encloses the edges and gives them some stretch.
Diaper FAQ TOP
All-In-One (AIO): A diaper and cover ‘all-in-one’. This can mean that the soaker is sewn into the inside of the diaper and the cover attached. Also considered an AIO is a cover with a snap in soaker of absorbent material. The advantage of the snap-in is that it dries much faster and is easier to thoroughly clean than the sewn-in.
Fitted Diaper: Requires the use of a cover or wool/fleece soaker.
Pocket AIO or Diaper: The absorbent soaker is not sewn in for this option. An opening is left in the back forming an internal ‘pocket’. You can stuff the pocket with any absorbent material you choose including prefolds, soakers, doublers, or microterry towels.
Cover: Made from a variety of materials, it is meant as a fluid-proof barrier worn over the absorbent layer.
Doubler or Booster: A rectangle of multiple layers of absorbent material to ‘boost’ or ‘double’ the capacity of a diaper or AIO.
Prefold: An ‘old-fashioned’ diapering product. This is what most people think of when they think cloth diapers. Usually prefolds need pins to be securely fastened to baby, but now there are a variety of options instead of pins. A plastic three way strap with gripping claws called a Snappi can be used. Prefolds can be stuffed inside a pocket diaper or can be used in a snug fitting cover without pins or a snappi as well. You can also use a prefold as a doubler or booster in a larger diaper. Prefolds come in a variety of sizes and absorbencies. Momufactured Designs also embellishes and embroiders prefolds and occasionally dyes them as well. Requires the use of a cover or wool/fleece soaker.
Flat: A diaper that is one or two layers of absorbent material. The user must fold it into the desired size and shape to use on the baby. This is another ‘old-fashioned’ option that requires some skill in learning how to fold and twist the flat to the correct shape for use. Requires a cover or wool/fleece soaker.
Quick Dry vs. Sewn-in Soaker:
How many diapers will I need? This will depend on several factors including your willingness to wash frequently and your babies age. With an older infant (4-6 mos) and willingness to wash every day, you can use 8-10 fitteds and 2-3 covers or 10-12 AIOs. Whereas with a newborn, you would need at least 12-15 diapers and 4-5 covers or 15-18 AIOs to make it through a day. For a toddler, 6-8 diapers and 2-3 covers would be the bare minimum to get you through a day. Generally you’d need double this number for a second or third day, but you could drop a few covers as you can usually set covers out to dry for multiple days uses before washing.
How will I know what kind of ‘system’ I want to use? Mostly it is trial and error. If you value convenience over cost-savings, then AIOs are probably your best choice. If you are looking for the most cost-effective system, prefolds and covers are for you. If you’re wanting to still save money, but have more convenience than needing to fold and secure prefolds, then fitteds and covers are for you. The best way to decide what system you’d like is to try a little of several kinds and then purchase more of your favorites. Some people use a different system at night than during the day.
How much does cloth diapering cost? On average, using fitteds and covers you’ll spend about $500 from birth to potty-training and $750 for AIOs. You can spend as little as $20 if you make your own to the sky’s the limit if you go all-out and buy all-new and multiple days worth. Then, you can use your diapers for multi-children which increases the cost savings. Some people have spent nothing on their children’s diapers by using cast-off cotton clothing to make diapers or prefolds and then old wool sweaters for soakers.
Do I have to buy a complete ‘system’ all at one time? Absolutely not! You can purchase a few items to try and see which kind of system will work best for you and then purchase more of the one that works best for you.
What kind of system do you recommend? I recommend using infant prefolds and covers early on with a newborn. Add a few AIOs for convenience out and about. Small fitteds can fit as soon as birth for larger babies, but usually by 2-3 months for most babies. You can then use the infant prefolds as stuffers for some pocket diapers (a cheaper than AIO option) or use the infant prefolds as doublers for larger sized diapers. Once your baby is about a year old, they usually will fit into the size they are until potty training, though some babies need a third size. I find most babies need only a small and large side-snapped fitted to make it from birth (7 lbs) until potty-training (32-35 lbs). The size and shape of your infant/toddler really affects how long your diapering system will fit.
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